BC -The Scientific Method And Uses.
Hi, I’m Lee Hayden, physicist, website owner, manager, and author . I am pleased to welcome you to the Hayden Center For Educational Excellence. The Hayden Center offers students a variety of educational programs of study, each program leading to an opportunity to experience a unique form of lifestyle enrichment. Click here to review the available programs of study and courses. Contact Lee Hayden at 707-945-1294 for additional information.
At the Hayden Center, the student selects a personal lifestyle enrichment program from the following: self-actualization, personal true-self, or community true-self. (Alternatively, the student may select an individual course such as this course.) Programs are implemented as free brief courses and associated fee-based short courses. The Hayden Center provides the educational environment that supports the student’s attainment of the selected lifestyle enrichment program or coursework.
This is a free brief course. Similar to all brief courses, it only introduces and summarizes the key ideas contained in the associated fee based short course. Short courses are uniquely beneficial because they are conducted in a face-to-face in person or on-line learning environment which assures the studied material becomes working knowledge. As brief/short course author , I sincerely strive to produce courses whose content meets or exceeds common standards of excellence, objectivity, reliability, and life enrichment. To enroll in the short course, phone Lee at 702-945-1294.
The title of this course is “The Scientific Method.”
With notable exceptions,Man’s knowledge of the universe has greatly benefited Man. Knowledge of the universe really means knowledge of the reality in which we human beings exists. In fact, Man’s survivability and continuous enhancement in quality of living has been historically dependent on the accumulation of knowledge in such diverse areas as crop and food production, electronics and communication, physical and mental health care, transportation, building construction, public and private education, and many other areas. Knowledge of the universe will become increasingly crucial in the future with a rapidly growing population and depletion of resources. Many new areas where knowledge is critical will evolve. Man will require knowledge that is trustworthy, reliable, and visible to all Men. Knowledge that benefits Man is defined by Man and thus exists in multiple categories. A few typical top level categories include theological, philosophical, scientific, and psychological. The nuclear bomb and the 9-11-2001 tower collapses are examples of the perversion of knowledge.
As reality becomes increasingly complex, the explanatory power of knowledge will also expand rapidly.
Unfortunately, Man’s ability to acquire reliable knowledge with minimal error bias is a well-known difficult problem of philosophy. Firstly, all raw data are received through our senses and filtered by relatively poor sensory system resolution. Secondly, the filtered raw data is interrelated by our mind where interpretation errors are easily possible. Thirdly, the extent the raw data actually represents the external world is not known. All data observations are based on human experience and ideas, theories, and relationships created by Man are said to be empirical. The methodology found to be most useful for creating the most reliable knowledge is known as the scientific method.
Generation of reliable knowledge has also been problematic from a historical perspective. Methods have been authoritarian, mystical, logic-rational, and scientific. The principal distinction among these is the manner in which each vests confidence in the producer of the information that is alleged to be true, in the procedure by which the knowledge was produced, and the effect of the knowledge. The scientific method deliberately and systematically eliminates the first three previously mentioned sources and it also successfully eliminates the individual scientist. Instead, of a single scientist dominated, it would be highly desirable to eliminate all producer, procedure, and effect biases to the maximum extent possible
The elements of the scientific methodology are presented in the Table 1 below: The scientific method constitutes the rules whereby consensus agreement among a group of individuals about specific images of the world is reached. The methodological rules of the scientific process strives to eliminate the individual’s biases, not by an impossible effort to substitute excessive objectivity into the problem situation, but by substituting rules for criticism, debate, and, utilization agreement. Whatever method is adopted, it should not limit progress in that area.
All theories developed under a given paradigm require a statement of assumptions.
Validation of all new theories, developed using the scientific method rules, is ultimately performed by a collection of Men.
A scientifically objective theory contains scope, definitions, assumptions, existing data (principles or accepted existing ideas), and new ideas. The important role of assumptions and even principles are sometimes not formally recognized, but incorporation into theory is necessary to move knowledge forward.
A validated theory is a theory in which multiple researchers have successfully duplicated the original experiment.
Scope: A theory maps a given set of input information within a given domain to a set of output information within a given range constrained by assumptions, definitions
Cognitive Intelligence – the ability to think rationally, act in a purposeful way and manage your environment. It’s your intellectual, analytical, logical, and rational skill set.
Emotional Intelligence – the ability to manage the impact of our emotions on our relationships with others.
Social intelligence – the ability to understand and manage situations which involve other people. It is your ability to be aware of yourself, to understand yourself, to manage relationships and understand the emotional content of behavior.
The self-organizing universe paradigm is a reliable concept for understanding the nature of reality. We human beings are part of reality and not placed in it. Knowledge of the ultimate cause of the universe or why matter is self-organizing from simplicity to increasing complexity is speculative.
Abraham Maslow’s hierarchical chart of human needs is a reliable concept that defines the human condition and the top level need labeled self-actualization.
Achieving more happiness, joy, and meaning in life requires raising your level of consciousness to the next level. For present purposes, we assume that a person’s present level of consciousness can be measured by their present personal belief system.
Principle #1. The overarching principle at the Hayden Center is that the universe continues to self-organize producing increasingly complex organizations of matter which is more popularly known as reality. As part of the reality produced by the universe, we human beings will continue the self-organization process. This course presents a high level perspective on how a person self-organizes to improve their liftestyle and obtain a more meaningful life.
Principle #2. The need to live an enriched lifestyle is deeply embedded in every human being. In general, achieving an enriched lifestyle can be a very difficult task and education focused on this subject will provide lifetime benefits.
Principle #3. Experiences that deeply wound the ego deeply are never extinguished. Each reinforcement strengthens the wound. These experiences must be managed.
Theory. All people possess multiple intelligences in which knowledge can be enhanced and a personal belief system containing believed knowledge about reality that promotes or limits personal growth.
From the moment of birth until death, each person uses their multiple intelligencies to formulate a theory about reality based on his/her interactive experiences of reality while seeking self-actualization.
Table 1. Elements of the Scientific Methodology
Observations of data patterns
Statement of assumptions
Hypothesis formulation and testing
Theory formulation and testing
Peer review and journal acceptance/publication
Scientists use new theory instead of old theory
Short Course Cost
Basic 1 Hour Session
Basic Plus One Extension
There are no prerequisites for this course.
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