BC - The Self-Organizing Universe
Hi, I’m Lee Hayden, physicist, website owner, manager, and author . I am pleased to welcome you to the Hayden Center For Educational Excellence. The Hayden Center offers students a variety of educational programs of study, each program leading to an opportunity to experience a unique form of lifestyle enrichment. Click here to review the available programs of study, courses, durations, and costs. Contact Lee Hayden at 707-945-1294 for additional information.
At the Hayden Center, the student selects a personal lifestyle enrichment program from the following: self-actualization, personal true-self, or community true-self. (Alternatively, the student may select an individual course such as this course.) Programs are implemented as free brief courses and associated fee-based short courses. The Hayden Center provides the educational environment that supports the student’s attainment of the selected lifestyle enrichment program or coursework.
This is a free brief course. Similar to all brief courses, it only introduces and summarizes the key ideas contained in the associated fee based short course. Short courses are uniquely beneficial because they are conducted in a face-to-face in person or on-line learning environment which assures the studied material becomes working knowledge. As brief/short course author , I sincerely strive to produce courses whose content meets or exceeds common standards of excellence, objectivity, reliability, and life enrichment. To enroll in the short course, phone Lee at 702-945-1294.
The title of the brief course is “The Self-Organizing Universe” and is part of the Discipline of Physics. The course does not address other parts such as Newton’s laws of gravitation, relativity, electromagnetism, optics, or other parts.
Throughout history and as part of the human condition, Man has always strived to better understand the physical reality in which he experiences his life. Contemporary understanding of reality is best expressed by the theory known as self-organizing universe. In this course, you will learn top level theoretical concepts about reality as expressed by the theory of a self-organizing universe. Your learning includes special emphasis on the nature of reality in which we experience our lives.
Reality based thinking is of central importance
in leading an enriched life.
In some ways, the theory presented at a conceptual level is like a great work of great art; appreciation does not need complete understanding. Even without scientific training or perspective, this theory can be appreciated as mankind’s contribution to a yet unfinished masterpiece. Hopefully, you will discover that curiosity → learning → understanding → appreciation → meaning.
The standard model of physics identifies all known fundamental particles of matter that exists in the universe. Fundamental particles are the building blocks for all more complex organizations of matter observed in the universe. A proton and neutron are composite particles consisting of arrangements of quarks. Atoms are composite particles consisting of arrangements of neutrons, protons, and electrons.
[ Further discussion of Standard Model of Physics goes here.]
According to self-organizing theory, matter is self-organizing from simplicity to increasing complexity. Man is thought to be the most complex organization of matter in the universe. It is important to understand that we human beings are part of the fabric of the universe, i.e., we are part of reality just as stars, planets, mountains, and skunks are part of reality. Reality has been and is produced by the self-organizing universe. We human beings conduct our entire lives in physical reality and, thus, can not achieve our full potential without knowledge of reality in which we live. Of course, many people drift through their life without pondering deep existential questions about the universe or learning about the human condition, yet these people often perceive themselves as very successful. However, science has made awesome progress during the past decades and the resulting new knowledge can contribute to a more self-actualized, joyful, and meaningful life. A purpose of science is to conduct research that benefits mankind.
An artist’s concept of the self-organizing universe is presented below. It will be discussed in non-scientfic and non-mathematical terms after the brief discussion of Maslow’s hierarchical chart of human needs.
Although many researchers have studied the human condition, the research of Abraham Maslow is the most well-known and widely accepted. Maslow’s hierarchical chart of human needs is especially well-known and a modified version is presented below. According to Maslow’s hierarchical chart of human needs, the top human need is for self-actualization. However, we have extended the top portion of Maslow’s chart to include a personal true-self need and a community true-self need. Thus, at the highest level, a courses exist that have the same title as their programs. These courses are self-actualization, personal true-self, and community true-self. There are also courses between the lowest and highest level.
The bottom portion of Maslow’s chart has also been modified as shown by the chart below. The modifed chart shows a human foundation need to self-organize for the purpose of satisfying all higher needs. As part of a self-organizing reality produced by a self-organizing universe, each human being self-organizes consistent with external environmental factors.
According to the self-organizing universe paradigm, the universe has produced Man as part of the self-organizing process. Man is not thrown into the universe but is part of the fabric of the universe, i.e., part of reality produced by the universe. Starting with foundational needs seeking expression, all Men transition hierarchically through the needs shown in the chart. The transitioning process is greatly influenced positively or negatively by that part of reality external to the Man involved. For example, a young child may develop poor self-esteem in response to non-nourishing treatment by irresponsible parents.
The concept of a self-organizing universe is based on the research of Nobel Laureate Ilya Prigogine. Prigogine’s pioneering research addressing chaos, thermodynamics, and time has caused self-organization theory to be as revolutionary as Darwin’s evolutionary theory. Scientist following Prigogine have continued to discover instabilities and fluctuations in reality that lead to evolutionary patterns at all levels of existence, from the cosmology of the universe to the biology of molecules.
Prigogine was awarded a Nobel prize because of his contribution to understanding of the 2nd law of thermodynamics. He demonstrated under laboratory situations that if a system is continuously open to external energy sources, far from equilibrium but tending to return to equilibrium, and non-linear so that positive feeback can reinforce the system structure then the system can self-organize to form a dissipative structure.
It is important to recognize that self-organization theory has been validated for select laboratory situations using the scientific method. The theory is anticipated to possess extraordinary explanatory power and be worthy of elevation to a paradigm stature. Of course, this is a theory representing our best guess about the nature or real reality and does not describe reality itself.
It is also important to recognize that, similar to all theories about the universe, self-organization theory only provides “descriptions” of actual or predicted observable occurences in reality. The theory does not provide reasons “why” or a local “cause” of observable occurrences.
Ideas about physical phenomena occuring in the universe can be most effectively communicated by constructing a relevant theory using the scientific method. A theory has assumptions that must be identified since they are integral parts of the theory. In physics, theories are formulated as mathematical expressions with independent variables for input parameters and representing physical ideas. For example, Isaac Newton and many others had observed the motion of objects falling to the earth and desired a theory that encouraged a common understanding and provided calculational tools.
According a legendary story, Newton observed an apple falling from a tree to the ground and, in a moment of inspiration, had the idea that an attractive force existed between two masses M1 and M2. He first made the assumption that, for an unknown reason or even an unknowable reason, the two masses do indeed attract in reality. Then, based on the attraction assumption, he constructed a mathematical theory in which the attractive force was directly proportional to the product of the two masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance separating them.
Newton’s theory has been immensly successful and is even used today. Unfortunately, on one hand, the theory only “describes” phenomena occuring in nature and provides no new information about the cause of the attraction. On the other hand, except for philosophers, knowledge of the cause is not needed in practice.
We human beings build theories for the observations and experiences in our lives with the expectation that understanding and making predictions based on these observations and experiences will benefit our lives in some way. The benefit could be in the form of satisfying our personal needs which have been identified by Abraham Maslow’s chart of hierarchal needs. Our hierarchical needs range from physiological needs to higher needs such as belonging, love , self-esteem, and self-actualization.
**************************Self-Organization of the Universe***************
Many people develop a strong sense of spirituality as their knowledge of reality deepens and as their knowledge of the universe’s self-organization deepens.
An artist concept of the self-organizing universe theory, also known as the big bang theory, is shown below and a timeline of major events is shown in the second graphic.
The Universe is all of time and space and its contents. The Universe includes planets, stars, galaxies, the contents of intergalactic space, the smallest subatomic particles, and all matter and energy. The observable universe is about 28 billion parsecs (91 billion light-years) in diameter at the present time. The size of the whole Universe is not known and may be either finite or infinite.
The universe appears to be self-organizing after the big bang occurred. Many usages of the term “self-organizing”are erroneous and misleading. The following statements are presented to clarify the term:
As human beings, we ask very fundamental questions because it’s our human nature, we are curious, and we know that the quality of our life depends on the quality of questions we ask. . What started the big bang? How did space, time, matter and energy take the forms that we see today? Can we work backward to unravel the history of the universe? We ask these quality questions primarily through our great disciplines of philosophy, theology, science, and psychology.
After the big bang exploded with enormous energy, the universe began the cool-down that has lasted until our own time. During this cool-down period, the universe experienced an extra-ordinary sequence of events. The early events occurred at unimaginably high temperatures and densities. As we look back at this sequence of events,we are amazed at how finely tuned these events were to lead to we human beings. The theory that describe the sequence of events is called the theory of the self-organizing universe. As has been pointed out by many scientist, however, this theory of the universe only “describes” but does not explain “why” each individual event in the the sequence of events occurs. Explaining “why” each individual event occurs requires another theory, with its own unique set of assumptions, that link “discriptive” and “why “ theories.
Our scientific theories provide a human interpretation of physical reality based on our database of facts. Historically, our theories about reality have reflected a level of knowledge and understanding of reality corresponding to the level of database facts. The rapid growth of technology has resulted in a deepening of the level of database facts. Correspondingly, we have a deepening of our knowledge and understanding of physical reality. Today, scientists assume there are yet still deeper levels of reality for which associated theories can benefit Man. Scientists use telescopes and space probes to detect relics from the early universe and build our database of facts. Scientists also use particle accelerators to recreate events occuring at extremely high temperatures thereby also contribute to our database of facts. . As we begin to understand the universe’s past, we can look to the future of the universe and predict its ultimate fate.
es. Our universe was born about 13.7 billion years ago in a massive expansion that blew space up like a gigantic balloon. That, in a nutshell, is the Big Bang theory, which virtually all cosmologists and theoretical physicists endorse. The evidence supporting the idea is extensive and convincing. We know, for example, that the universe is still expanding even now, at an ever-accelerating rate. - See more at: http://www.space.com/13347-big-bang-origins-universe-birth.html#sthash.trw039HU.dpuf
Human knowledge and understanding of the universe is acquired from the great disciplines of philosophy, theology, science, and psychology. As our depth of knowledge and understanding expands, our vision of reality changes correspondingly . Our vision of reality defines our personal belief system, which is the basis for our attitude toward life and everything we say and do. As is generally the case, the deeper we understand the the depths of reality, the more spiritual we become.
The great disciplines are defined as follows:
Every existant ,i.e., thing or object , in the universe transitions thourgh the same life cycle. Thus, every existant is born, matures, scenesces, and dies. You and I die. Plants, animals, rocks, trees, and iPads live and die everything does. .The solar system, the stars, the galaxies, and even the universe itself go through the same life-die cyle. The existant time duration for the life-die cyles vary dramatically. Ironically, it’s not birth and death, but the scenescing phase that is fascinating. The scenescing phase provides something special for the future.
The universe is only self-organizing in regions of the universe that are far from equilibrium and are non-linear as will be discussed later
First, assuming a very simple model, the universe is producing increasing organizational complexity of matter. For example, , under the right local conditions, quarks organize to produce new organizations of quarks called protons and neutrons.The protons and neutrons are not solid particles but are instead the new organization of quarks. Under a new set of local conditions, neutrons and protons organize to produce atoms. The atoms are organizations of neutrons and protons wich are organizations of quarks. This is the sense in which we say the universe is producing increasingly complex ofganizations of matter. Second, there are always new local conditions associated with the oganizations of matter. These local conditions are the cause of the transtion from a given level to the next level of organizational complexity. Thus, science provides a “discription” of the processes in the universe but does not state the “why”. Note: this simple model will be upgraded later in this essay..
People wanting to live their life abundantly should know where they are in the universe. It is inaccurate to say that we live our lives in the universe. It is factual to say that we live our lives as part of the universe’s physical reality.
After the big bang, there was a period of time in which there was no mass in the universe. The Higgs scalar boson gave mass to the universe and, as a result, was called the “god particle”. Without the Higgs, there would have been no mass in the universe.
As discussed previously, the main function of the universe as understood by science is to produce increasingly complex organization of matter in the universe.
About 13.75 billion years ago, the big bang occurred. It was a momentous event. Yes, 13.75 billion years ago - that is a very long time ago. As a thought experiment, visualize a very small sphere existing in Thwhat we shall call metaphysical space. The sphere contains all the mass of what will become the universe. This nearly incomprehensible state is theorized to have existed for just a fraction of the first second of time. The sphere appears to explode into metaphysical space creating the universe depicted in te artist concept of the “Self-Organizing Universe” shown in the picture above. The theory maintains that, in the instant—a trillion-trillionth of a second—after the big bang, the universe expanded with incomprehensible speed from its pebble-size origin to astronomical scope. Expansion has apparently continued, but much more slowly, over the ensuing billions of years.
There are many billions of galaxies. There are many billions of stars within each galaxy. The picture below, taken with the Hubble telescope, shows the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The galaxy is believed to be held-together by the gravitational attraction of a black hole.
Before Galeleo, Man could see only a few hundred stars at night With invention of the telescope Man could see millions of stars..
The universe self-organizes. Man, being an integral part of the universe, also self-organizes. Man’s consciousness also self-organizes. The self-organization of the universe includes biological evolution.
The universe became conscious when Ape-Man became conscious. The self-organization of the universe theory does not state why the universe has become conscious.
The highest known level of organizational achievement in the universe is Man.
Man does not always self-organize in a positive way.
Man is beginning to explore the solar system. For many Men, new knowledge gained will increase their level of consciousness.
*********************Self -Organization In Early Universe**********************
Science has performed an excellent job of describing nature and the self-organizing universe. Starting in actuality, science has focused deeper and deeper into reality in search of an ultimate reality. At the first level of reality after actuality, it discovered the atom,then the neutrons and protons at the next level, , followed by the quark, and quantum fields as the lowest level. Science has benefited Man in countless ways, such as communication sattellites, all sorts of electronic devices, and medical equipment to name a few. Science has profoundly changes our lives and continues to change lives. And for that reason, Man has placed science on a pedestal and diminished the relavancy of theology.
Man, using the discipline of science, has made great progress in describing the self-organizing universe. Science provides an excellent theory describing the increasing levels of complexity of matter as a function of time. Matter transitions from a lower level of complexity to a higher level of complexity. At this point in time, the purpose of the universe seems to be the production of increasingly complex levels of matter. For example, neutrons and protons represent an organizational level matter. The thing being organized is quarks. Atoms represent the next higher organizational level of matter. Thus, an atom is also an organization of quarks but a more complex organization built from neutrons and protons.
Unfortunately, science only describes the different organizational levels of matter. Science does not make statements regarding why a given organizational level exists or why the transistion from a given organizational level to the next occurs. This fact is a major limitation of Man’s search for truth employing the discipline of science. Science will continue to make progress toward describing ultimate reality of the universe.
The purpose of the universe seems to be to produce increasing complexity. At a given organizational level a matter object self-organizes to produce a higher level matter object. For example, starting with quarks. An organization of matter called a quark self-organizes with other quarks to produce two oganizations of matter called a neutron and proton. It should be noted that neutrons and protons are organizations of quarks. They are not little balls of matter without structure. The organizations of neutrons and protons self-organize to produce an organization of matter called an atom. Again, it should be noted that atoms are a more complex organization of quarks than protons and neutrons are organizations of quarks. Atoms self-organize to produce a more complex organization of matter call a molecule. Molecules are a more complex organization matter than atoms, but both are organizations of quarks. A block of steel is a complex organization of quarks. So are skunks. So too is a man. As far as we know, Man is the most complex organization of matter produced by the universe.
In high school physics and chemistry were are correctly told that a crystal molecule is composed of atoms, that atoms are composed of neutrons, protons, and electorns and that neutrons and protons are composed of quarks. But, we should understand that all matter is composed of quarks. Each organization has its own mass identity and electrical charge identity. Except for the proton, all organizations of matter are unstable and have their unique half-life. Atoms in all matter objects observed at the macroscopic level are continually disassembling (because of their instability) and reassembling themselve but it’s not noticed because of the large number of atoms in the given matter object. With proper instrumentaion, this effect could be verified.
ome key ideas related to the self-organizing universe are summarized in Table 1.
Man’s home is in the Milky Way Galaxy. Our solar system is located about 2/3 the distance out one of the arms of the Milky Way. The photo below shows the Milky Way Galaxy as Galileo, with his newly invented telescope, might have seen it. We can imagine how surprised Galileo must have been to realized the universe contained millions of stars - not the several hundred previsously observed with the naked eye.
Imagine you are the man or woman in the picture above. While viewing this fragment of the universe, you, your partner, and almost everyone else would agree with the idea that “something” exists ourside themselves. Ancient Man interpreted that sometrhing as a direct experience of the existence of God. Contemporary Man either interprets that something as an indirect experience of the existence of God (has faith in the existence of God) or the result of a natually ocurring evolutionary process in nature not directly attributable to God (doubts the existence of God).
In self-organization theory, stars are viewed as having relatively low organizational complexity.
The self-organization theory of the universe includes the evolution of Man. The death of many millions of stars if required to have a sufficient number of heavy elements necessary for Man to exist.
As the universe undergoes self-organization, so does everything in it, including plants and animals. The leaves of the plant are the body, the roots are an evolving root-brain, and everything else is the environment. Is this plant searching for existence or is it being pulled into existence?
Man is beginning to explore the Solar System. Next will be exploration of our Milky Way Galaxy. The picture below shows our view of texeware.
Some men have hearts of darkness.
The ultimate achievement of the self-organizing universe is Man. Nicole Kidman, shown below, is an example of the ultimate achievement of the universe.
Rework] Assume the universe births a human being. As a new born, this person has feelings but usually very little useful knowledge. For practical purposes, baby’s mind is basically a clean slate. New knowledge is acquired using bodily sensors, including sight, touch, hearing,taste, or xxxxx. Using these sensors, the baby experiences the world about him. Prior to Emanual Kant, philosophers taught that new knowledge is first in the senses as experience and then in the mind as knowledge. While ageing, the baby continues to experience the world and develops his personal belief system about the world. The personal belief system may also be viewed as a theory about the world. Theories ae dynamic and change as body experiences of the world change. People experience life and their environment differently and develop very different personal belief system and personal theories about life and the universe. To a large extent, individual personal belief systems/theories are the summation of their cognitive, emotional, and spiritual intelligences. According to Kant, sometimes ideas and knowledge are first in our mind and then becomes experience.]
Our daily talk and actions reflect our personal belief sytstem. We seldomly knowingly violate our feelings.
Recall that the theory of the self-organizing universe only provides a “description” of the many steps in the self-organizing process. It does not provided any ”why” information regarding the steps in that process. Science has assumed the task of providing descriptive information. Neither theology or science has assumed the task of providing the why information. Developing why information includes specifying values for the numerous physical constants of the universe, such as the various electrical charges, masses of the fundamental particles, strength of the forces, and also the gravitational constant, speed of light, etc.
Calculations have shown that, if any of these physical constants were slightly different, the universe would not have self-organized as it has. Many scientists believe the existance of the physical constants is evidence for God the Creator.
For example, science has identified the nucleus of an atom as consisting of protons, neutrons, and electrons. The protons all have positive charges and would cause the protons to repell each other and fly apart. However, the presence of neutrons in the nucleus provides the necessary stability of the nucleus. Thus, the stability of the nucleus is provided by a force called the strong force and is one of the four forces of nture. We can measure the strong force but have no theory which specifies the ce.
Title: Self-Organizing Universe
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