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BC -  The Great Disciplines

Hi, I’m Lee Hayden, physicist, website owner, manager, and author .  I am pleased to welcome you to the Hayden Center For Educational Excellence.  The Hayden Center  offers students a variety of educational programs of study, each  program leading to an opportunity to  experience a unique  form of  lifestyle  enrichment.  Click here to review the available programs of study, courses, durations, and costs.  Contact Lee Hayden at 707-945-1294 for additional information.


At the Hayden Center, the student selects a personal lifestyle enrichment program from the following:  self-actualization, personal true-self, or community true-self.  (Alternatively, the student may select an individual course such as this course.)  Programs are implemented as free brief courses and associated fee-based short courses.  The Hayden Center provides the educational environment that supports the student’s attainment of the selected lifestyle enrichment program or coursework.


This is a free brief course.  Similar  to all  brief courses,  it only introduces and   summarizes the key ideas  contained in the associated fee based short course.  Short courses are uniquely beneficial because they are conducted in a  face-to-face in person or on-line learning environment which assures the studied material becomes working knowledge.  


As brief/short course author ,  I sincerely strive to produce courses whose content meets or exceeds common standards of excellence, objectivity, reliability, and life enrichment.  To enroll in the short course, phone Lee at 702-945-1294.




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The subject of this  course is “The Great Disciplines.” At the Hayden Center, several college/university level courses have been collectively labeled “The Great Disciplines” because of their importance and frequent reference in discussions of the nature of physical reality.  The great disciplines include the disciplines of theology, philosophy, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, and sociology.


This particular brief course identifies, defines, and characterizes each  discipline comprising the great disciplines.  As a discipline, each course has a component that addresses the nature of reality as developed using the scientific method.  Importantly, the assumptions associated with each disciplines are stated.

 

Course benefits include:


Like all brief courses, this free brief course  summarizes the associated fee based short course in suficient detail to support the decision to enroll in the short course.


 I’m Lee Hayden and I commit  to making”The Great Disciplines”  brief and short courses of high quality and exceptionally beneficial to you.






Today, human knowledge moves forward more rapidly than in the past because of numerous factors.  New ideas generally include assumptions, definition of concepts, related theory, the relevant paradigm, and a trusted validation methodology. Also, publishing technology promote easy sharing  and access to new and established ideas. The amount of information is quite large and constraining information to a specific discipline of knowledge  eases access.


We have chosen the self-organizing universe paradigm because it is  a widely accepted and validated conceptualization of the universe and its production of physical reality.  (This paradigm is also known as the big bang paradigm or the evolutionary universe paradigm.)  This paradigm is an umbrella discipline of knowledge under which many other disciplines exist and under which researchers develop more detailed theories. It should be noted that a paradigm is not generally complete and my contain many gaps of knowledge.


The number of disciplines addressing reality is quite large. However, for our purposes, we use only seven working disciplines that we label as  great disciplines. The individual disciplines comprising the great disciplines are theology, philosophy, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, and sociology.


Frequently, at the Hayden Center, the latter five disciplines are labeledl as science so the list of great disciplines can be conveniently shortened to theology, philosophy, and science.



 Each discipline, including theology, relies on the scientific method for development of knowledge.


Unfortunate, as may be shown by a google search, the definitions of the various dissciplines vary widely.  Consequently, definitions in  usage at the Hayden Center do not necessarily reflect any of the various definitions used by the many learning centers.


The individual disciplines are defined in the next section and then discussed in later sections.


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The discipline of theology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a final cause of the self-organizing universe and seeks knowledge about the purpose of the universe and the role of Man in achieving that purpose.


The discipline of philosophy is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a final causeof a reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge that leads or validate theological and scientific knowledge.



The discipline of physics is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a fundamental reality that is  self-organizing toward an ultimate  reality and seeks  knowledge about the nature of  fundamental reality for the benefit of Man.



The discipline of chemistry  is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a chemical reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge about the nature of chemical reality for the benefit of Man.


The discipline of biology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a biological reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of biological reality for the benefit of Man.



The discipline of psychology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a psychological reality that is self-organizing to an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of psychological reality for the benefit of Man.


The discipline of sociology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a social reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of of social reality for the benefit of Man.











The Discipline of Theology



The discipline of theology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a final cause of the self-organizing universe and seeks knowledge about the purpose of the universe and the role of Man in achieving that purpose.









The Discipline of Philosophy


The discipline of philosophy is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a final causeof a reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge that leads or validate theological and scientific knowledge.





Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.


Free will is closely linked to the concepts of responsibility, praise, guilt, sin, and other judgements which apply only to actions that are freely chosen. It is also connected with the concepts of advice, persuasion, deliberation, and prohibition. Traditionally, only actions that are freely willed are seen as deserving credit or blame. There are numerous different concerns about threats to the possibility of free will, varying by how exactly it is conceived, which is a matter of some debate.

 

Some conceive free will to be the capacity to make choices in which the outcome has not been determined by past events. Determinism suggests that only one course of events is possible, which is inconsistent with the existence of free will thus conceived. This problem has been identified in ancient Greek philosophy[3] and remains a major focus of philosophical debate. This view that conceives free will to be incompatible with determinism is called incompatibilism and encompasses both metaphysical libertarianism, the claim that determinism is false and thus free will is at least possible, and hard determinism, the claim that determinism is true and thus free will is not possible. It also encompasses hard incompatibilism, which holds not only determinism but also its negation to be incompatible with free will and thus free will to be impossible whatever the case ma



















The Discipline of Physics


The discipline of physics is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a fundamental reality that is  self-organizing toward an ultimate  reality and seeks  knowledge about the nature of  fundamental reality for the benefit of Man.





The picture below is an artist’s conception of a self-organizing universe beginning with a big bang and ending with  three possible destinies. According to present theory about the universe, we human beings are part of  reality produced by the universe. However, I know only one truth with absolute certainty:  “I think. Therefore, I exist.”  I recognize that my experience of objects external to myself is greatly limited by the poor resolution of  my senses. Consequently, I must form theories about the existential purpose and properties of objects in the universe and the universe itself.  You and others are probably in the same predicament, but your experiences are different.  Each of us must address three ultimate existential questions. What will I do next?  What will you do next?  What will the universe do nest?


































Man has made dramatic progress in understanding the reality in which he resides and has  enjoyed the quality of life benefits derived from each new understanding.  Of course,  not surprising,  Man has not yet acquired ultimate or absolute knowledge of the universe, i.e., ultimate or absolute knowledge of physical reality produced by the universe.  Instead, Man has developed knowledge of the universe (physical reality) that may be labeled using terms such as relative,  limited, temporary, or practical. Hopefully, the present path of  Man’s knowledge development will eventually lead to ultimate knowledge without major detours. (Philosphy warns of the danger of assuming that the universe is naturally mathematic versus placing mathematics onto the universe.  Similarly, use of the scientific method may not guarantee that Man’s knowledge development is on an optimally reliable path.)


Man’s present  knowledge of the universe is provided by the self-organizing universe paradigm.  According to this paradigm, the universe started in simplcity at the time of the big bang and has been and continues to organize matter to increasing complexity.  Man is believed to be the most complex organization of matter produced by the universe to date.  Futhermore, according to this paradigm, there is no reason to believe that production of Man is the final purpose of the universe.  Thus, the universe is expected to produce an intelligent being beyond Man that we shall label post-Man.


Philosophically, Man’s brain structure may limit Man’s knowledge to ultimate knowledge.  Quite possibly, post-Man’s brain structure may be capable of acquiring absolute knowledge.







My starting point is Descarte’s starting point: “I think; therefore, I am.” Thus, I believe and do not doubt  my own existence as a fact.  And, by extension, I think  that my existence is contingent on a supportive environment and a creative source of both myself and the supportive environment.  The critical problem is that I do not know the essence of anything, including myelf, my supportive environment, or the creative source







By definition, the great disciplines consists of the following brief/short courses:  philosophy, theology, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology,and sociology.  


The term, “Great Disciplines” is frequently used  by this website’s brief and short  courses.  However, its  definition is becoming increasingly necessary in scientific discourse  because of the growing acceptance of the idea of a self-organizing universe. From Man’s perspective, the primary purpose of the universe is the organization of matter to increasing complexity, as will be discussed later.    Equivalently, we can say that the universe  is organizing  reality so that reality   is emergent.  All the great disciplines make a contribution to our understanding of emergent reality.


The  definitions for the great disciplines, identified below, are tailored to be helpful in understanding  the essay discussions. These definitions may  appear to be somewhat specialized compared to normal dictionary definitions.  


All great disciplines rely on the scientific methodology  to produce facts, hypothese, theories, models, and paradigms.


An artist depiction of the self-oganizing universe is presented below.   The artist has done an excellent job  of illustrating  the concept of an three dimensional universe on a two dimenstional drawing canvas. The galaxies shown are not known real galaxies.






















Of course, the universe does not have the sharp boundaries suggested by the parallel circles and and the curved-arcs perpendicular to the circles.  Each circle corresponds to a time-slice of the universe on which all points are the same time from the big bang. Time-slices increase in diameter the further out on a curved-arc, indicating an expanding universe.  As shown, the universe is expanding at an accelerating  rate.  In subsequent discussion, it might be useful to imagine the above drawing without the circles and curved arcs.  We shall claim, as a fact, that our universe does not have boundaries.


The artist’s concept presented above has many benefits as an introductory concept,  but its limitations as a real world concept are readily apparent.   The real world  has three spatial dimenstions along with the time dimension.  In our mental visualization of the real world, envision  the big bang occurring at the center of a sphere with  parallel concentric spherical surfaces.  A given spherical surface corresponds to a time-surface of the universe on which all points are the same time from the big bang.  For an expanding universe,  the surface area of a time-surface S expands at a rate greater than S > t2, where k is an appropriate constant and t is the time from the big bang.  Additionally, in an expanding universe, all other galaxies will appear to be receding from your galaxy.

 


In the pocess of developing a theory about the cause of our  universe, we begin by  making the assumption  that the universe was born as some sort of meta-fluctuation, known as the Big Bang,  in an underlying meta-physical space.  This assumption may be thought of as a fundamental progected requirement upon which our theory is based.  We anticipate that we will be making additional assumptions as our knowledge expands.  Hopeully, our knowledge base will grow such that the number of assumptions can be reduced.


Imagine any point in meta-physical space-time before the big bang meta-fluctuaon occurred.  Our universe has not yet come into existence. Meta-physical space-time extends from negative infinity to posiitive infinity in all three directions.  As another pair of assumptions, we assume that metaphysical space contains dark energy and dark matter


The Discipline of Chemistry


The discipline of chemistry  is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a chemical reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge about the nature of chemical reality for the benefit of Man






The Discipline of Biology


The discipline of biology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a biological reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of biological reality for the benefit of Man.




The Discipline of Psychology


The discipline of psychology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a psychological reality that is self-organizing to an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of psychological reality for the benefit of Man



The Discipline of Sociology




The discipline of sociology is defined as a faith based discipline that assumes the existence of a social reality that is self-organizing toward an ultimate reality and seeks knowledge of of social reality for the benefit of Man.