BC - God, Universe, Reality, and Man
Hi, I’m Lee Hayden, physicist, website owner, manager, and author . Welcome to the Hayden Center For Educational Excellence. The Hayden Center offers students a variety of educational programs of study, each program leading to an opportunity to experience a unique form of lifestyle enrichment. Click here to review the available programs of study, courses, durations, and costs. Contact Lee Hayden at 707-945-1294 if you have questions.
The subject of this brief/short course is: “God, Universe, Reality, and Man”. This brief course is free and introduces the associated fee based and more comprehensive short course. There are no prerequisites for this brief course or the associated short course. The short course is required for students enrolled in Hayden Center self-enrichment programs: self-actualization, the personal true-self, and the community true-self.
Similar to all brief courses, this brief course only introduces and summarizes the key ideas contained in the associated fee based short course. The brief course content is designed to provide sufficiently detailed information for the short course purchase decision. Short courses are more complete and uniquely beneficial because they are conducted in a face-to-face in person or online learning environment which assures the studied material becomes working knowledge. As brief/short course author , I sincerely strive to produce courses whose content meets or exceeds common standards of excellence, objectivity, reliability, and life enrichment.
This course titled, “God, Universe, Reality, and Man,” will address aspects of the great disciplines associated with our understanding of reality. The great disciplines are theology, philosophy, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, and sociology. Each of these disciplines seeks new knowledge using the scientific method. Many men and women, with heightened imagination and creativity, have contributed to Man’s ongoing search for meaning in a world that often seems uncaring or cruel. Please review the Great Disciplines brief course at this point. Review Now.
Any person engaging in a discussion of the existence or nature of God, the universe, actuality or reality, or Man should possess a working knowledge of the great disciplines to be a knowledgeable, skilled, and effective presenter and debater. Completion of this seemingly difficult course will boost your self-confidence and personal pride, build critical thinking skills, promote participation in related public conversations, and encourage further education on this subject. Completion of the present course is essential for students with the goal of becoming a personal center of excellence and is highly recommended for students enrolled in the Personal True-Self Program and/or the Community True-Self Program.
Complete this course and you will discover yourself asking BIG questions about the universe and the dwellers in it.
Modern leaders of science have formulated a widely accepted theory of the universe based on observed information, assumptions, and use of the scientific method. This widely accepted theory of the universe, however, has various names: the big bang theory of the universe, the evolutionary theory of the universe, and the self-organization theory of the universe. Despite the various names, each theory incorporates the same conceptual ideas that the presently observed universe evolved from a big bang and can be understood using the scientific method. Labeling the theory as self-organizing makes explicit the conceptual idea that growth in local regions of the the universe occurs because of natural processes and can be understood using the scientific method. Use of the scientific method inherently assumes independence from any outside agency or guiding force. This assumptions has served mankind well.
In this course, we shall reference the present theory of the universe as self-organizing.
Any theory of the universe represents Man’s present knowledge about physical reality. The present theory of a self-organizing universe not only provides a general understanding of physical reality but also provides predictive power, validated usefulness, and sucessful technological applications. These characteristics have propelled it into its present position as both a guiding and working theory for researchers seeking more detail knowledge of reality. For these reasons, the theory represents a paradigm and functions as an umbrella theory for working scientists. The outstanding features of this paradigm are that the universe 1) was caused by a big bang, 2) has an evolutionary history and continues evolving, 3) started from simplicity (very little or no organization of matter) and is producing increasingly complex organizations of matter. The fundamental particles that are undergoing organization are identified and defined by the standard model of physics.
Thus, in this course, we shall promote our present theory to the stature of a paradigm and make reference to the self-organization of the universe paradigm.
Artist conceptions of a self-organizing universe is depicted above. The Standard Model of Physics is shown below.
We human beings are local expressions of physical reality produced by the self-organizing universe. Any object in the universe which has an internal structure that can be reduced to one or more types of fundamental particles is part of physical reality. Matter as it exist at any time during evolution of the universe is called physical reality. Thus, from a scientific perspective, physical reality has changed from simplicity to increasing complexity As stated frequently at the Hayden Center, we human beings are part of the fabric, i.e. physical reality, of the universe . We human beings are regions of the universe in which the universe has organized matter to such great complexity over millions of years that conscious awareness has resulted. The human brain is generally believed to be the most complex organization matter produced by the universe to date.
We have self-organized consciously or unconsciously according to our experiences of reality. have accumulated and continue to experience a long list of personal experiences in the world. a history of personal experiences in the world. Our present interpretation of those experiences compose our personal belief system acqired a personal belief stystem based on our unique personal experiences. and we conduct our life according to our personal belief system. . belief systems that impact our personal growth. Some people have a belief system conform to their environment, others adapt to it, still others learn from their environment and change it.
We human beings have always been knowledge seekers. Seeking knowledge is part of the human condition. As modern day knowledge seekers, we must periodically remind ourselves of the importance of maintaining an open mind perspective on all subjects. Slipping into a closed mind perspective with respect to discourse on the subjects of reality and god severely limits the learning process and self-development.
The early Greek philosophers, as knowledge seekers of their time, were acutely aware of several related existential facts:
1. Both Man and the world exist,
2. The world is unforgiving, chaotic, and uncaring,
3. Man’s existence in the world is a struggle
Recognition of these existential facts became the basis for a situation faced by the ordinary man called the human condition. The human condition specifies the existential needs of the ordinary man. To overcome the needs of the human condition and maintain happiness, philosophers through the ages have declared values by which the ordinary man must conduct his life to achieve happiness. Four centuries before Christ, Aristotle declared that the ordinary man could achieve happiness by physical pleasure, wealth, and honor. In the 17th century, Spinoza substituted the work “fame” for “honor.” Today, the most widely accepted statement of the human condition, expressed in terms of human needs, is based on the research of Abraham Maslow.
Man perceives the existence of the universe as an existential fact. Normally, before a workman creates a desired object that enhances his life or provides a measure of new meaning, the essence of the object is perceived in the workman’s mind before the object exists in reality. Thus, we and the workman say that essence precedes existence. Relative to the universe, Man wakes up and discovers his factual existence but not Man’s essence. In this case, Man says that existence precedes essence. Not understanding his essence leads to a situation called the human condition. Without knowing either the source or purpose of His being, each Man experiences an existential isolation and learns that meaning is not given to him.
In the modern paradigm of physics, the universe is presumed to have begun as a explosive expansion (big bang) of a nearly point-like region in some sort of space not yet knowable or emenable to scientific investication. For purposes of this course, this presently unknowable space shall be called metaphysical space. Since scientific knowledge does not extend to metaphysical space, theories about the conditions of metaphysical space leading to the big bang or any other cause of the universe are purely speculation. To reiterate, Man does not possess scientific knowledge, i.e., knowledge obtained using the scientific method, about the cause of the universe. Thus, theories about god as the creator of the universe are purely speculation. Furthermore, the practice of theism and atheism, respectively, is not presently scientifically supported.
The self-organization of the universe paradigm consists of two major theories: quantum field theory and general relativity theory. Quantum field theory addresses the small scale structure of the universe. It defines each fundamental particle identified in the standard model of physics as being a quantum field in reality. The quantum field collapses into its particle-like characterics when measured or observed. General relativity theory addresses the large structure of the universe. Physicists have not yet been able to construct a unified field theory which combines these two major theories.
Quantum theory has a reputation for its weirdness. The collapse of fields (waves) into particle-like objects with conscious observation or measurement has yet to be scientifically understood.
The standard model of physics is generally thought to be complete in its identification of fundamental particles. Each particle in the standard model is categorized as a boson, fermion, or Higgs. Bosons are fundamental particles that behave like forces connecting fermion particles. Fermions consist of quarks and leptons. Quarks are fundamental particles that organize into protons and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are not fundamental particles as popularly thought, but are composite particles resulting from the self-organization of quarks. The short course will discuss the standard model in more detail.
According to the self-organization paradigm, the universe is organizing matter to increasing levels of complexity. The particles of the standard model represent the starting level for the self-organizing process. Each new level of matter complexity derives from a previous lower level of matter complexity. For example, a proton is not a solid chunk of matter but is an organization (configuration) of quarks; similarly, a neutron is not a solid chunk of matter but is a different organization (configuration) of quarks. The various atoms identified by the periodic chart of elements are not solid chunks of matter but are organization compose of multiple neutrons and protons (and other particles). As just stated, the neutrons and protons are organizations of quarks. Each level of organized matter, such as any atom, neutron, or proton, is fundamentally an organization of quarks. Further, each level of organized matter 1) possesses a unique set of scientifically measurable properties, including mass and 2) comes into existence ater the previous level has stablelized.
Although many different levels of organized matter are known to exist (quarks, protons, atoms), the evolutionary process by which a lower organizational level self-organizes to the next higher level of organization is generally not known. Thus, the process by which quarks self-organize into protons is not known. Also, the process by which neutrons, protons, and electrons self-organize into a hydrogen or helium atom is not known. Many physicists believe this problem is attributable to reductionism in which complex organizations are used to identify simpler orgaizations. The process of reductionism procedes in the opposite direction as self-organization. Valuable information is lost in the process of reductionism. Thus, the great disciplines accept the idea that the self-organization process exists, but can not state “why”.
Each organization of matter has an associated function, i.e., each quark, neutron, proton, stars, trees, skunks, and human beings have an associated function. The lifetime of the associated function is directly proportional to its underlying organized matter. In this course, the combination of matter and its associated function shall be called an object. All objects in the universe, except possibly the proton, have a finite lifetime. The proton quite possibly may have a finte lifetime, but its lifetime may be extremetly long and not yet measurable using today’s instruments.
Because of the evolutionary nature of the self-organizing process, the universe creates a new object from one or more previous objects. New objects may exists alongside, wraparound, or contain previous objects. The human being, as an object, consists of of multiple sub-objects such as brain, heart, nervious , and many other objects. These sub-object will themselves contain sub-objects with the fundamental sub-object being the quark object. All real objects in the universe contain the fundamental quark object . Quarks as particles are presented on the standard model shown previously. Non-real objects are identified as leptons on the same standard model.
Each real object in the universe, during its finite lifetime, experiences various states of existence. These states of existence are birth, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence, and death.
Man’s brain is the most complex organization of matter produced by the self-organizing universe. As discussed previously, every organization of matter has an associated function and, in the case of Man, the brain’s associated function is the human mind.
At any point in time in the past, a number of real or non-real objects exist in the universe. The number and type of objects depend on the age of the universe. Thus, the objects existing at a given point in time consist of numerous and various types of relatively simple along along with more complex real objects and various types of non-real objects. Existing simultaneous, the totality of the object’s interacting effects produce a new existential landscape. The new existential landscape is ripe for new object formation.
As formulated theoretically and experimentally by Ilya Prigogine, the 2nd law of thermodynamics stimulates growth of new objects in spatial regions in the universe that are far from equilibrium and non-linear. These two conditions may be realized in the new existential landscapes.
The creation of a new object produces a new landscape. New landscapes may or may not satisfy the requirements of the 2nd law. Object production ceases in regions not satisfying the 2nd law.
The self-organization of the universe paradigm has not yet been evaluated for the impact of an accelerating expansion of the universe on landscape dynamics.
The self-organizing universe has produced Man. Being produced by the universe, Man is part of the fabric of the universe. Thus, from a science perspective, Man has not been placed in the universe. Further, since Man is part of the fabric of the universe, the universe itself has become conscious.
Concepts of god continue to be controversial, especially in these secular times, The existence of god has not been proven or disproven. People continue to be labeled as theistic, agnostic, and atheist. Theists believe in god; atheists do not believe in god; agnostics have not yet determined their belief. Other people don’t necessarily believe in god, but consider themselves as spiritual.
Man’s belief in the existence of god as creator of the universe has always been the result of Man’s intelligence. Recent research has shown that we humans have multiple intelligences: cognitive, emotional, and social and that cognitive intelligence is conscious and both emotional and social intelligences are mainly unconsious. We make the assumption that Man has always had these intelligences and that religious devotion has always thrived on all three intelligences. Man’s cognitive knowledge of the world was relatively small for ancient Man but has dramatically increased for modern Man. This dramatic increase in cognitive knowledge of the world and even the universe has greatly impacted religious devotions both positively and negatively. However, growth in knowledge acquired from emotional and social intelligences has been much less dramatic and less impactful than cognitive knowledge. Current cognitive knowledge about the universe is not yet sufficiently developed to promote an atheistic perspective denying god as creator of the universe.
The people of most, if not all civilization, have worshiped a god of their choosing. Selection of a god meeting their needs has always been of critical importance. e., reason with his cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence, and social intelligence. Man’s reasoning is generally based on the level of knowledge about the universe existing at a specific time by a specific civilization. Appropriately, Man’s understanding of the nature of god has varied throughout the centuries greatly influenced by his civilization. . That interest continues even to today’s increasingly secular society.
As part of the need for self-preservation, Man throughout the ages observed the world, made and tested judgements regarding his observations, and accumulated knowledge benefiting his survivability and general welfare. Making judgements was not mere intellectual luxury, but a survival necessity. Unfortunately, Man’s knowledge has always been incomplete and, as a result, Man has exercised his intellect and reason to postulate the existence of a god as creator of reality. In some cases, god has been perceived as not only as a creator but also as a personal god. Einstein was known to believe in god only as a creator of the universe.
So what will the student learn about reality in this course? . . . . . . .A new vision of reality is emerging because of the our scientific advances. The new vision may become the next paradigm of physics. The new paradigm is known as the self-organizing universe. An artist conception of the self-organizing universe is presented below.
Through the mid-20th century, scientists described the universe as being periodic and deterministic. The universe was created by an act of God and would exist eternally or for a length of time according to God’s will. Constellations, stars, and planets were observed to have periodic motions. From a scientific perspective, if all components of a state vector could be determined by science at any given time, then that state vector could determined the universe at any other time both past and future. Even young Einstein believed the universe to be deterministic until Hubble discovered galaxies external to our Milky Way Galaxy. Hubble concluded that these external galaxies were receding at an accelerated rate. The idea that the universe was created by a big bang evolved quickly.
The evolution of the universe is sometimes labeled the self-organizing universe and other times labeled the big bang universe. We shall use the perspective of a self-organizing universe to reflect Man’s existence and growing impact on an evolutionary universe. An artist depiction of the self-organizing universe is shown by the drawing below. Being an artist depiction, the drawing successfully provides a conceptual idea of the self-organizing universe, but it has shortcomings also. In the lower left, the big bang is shown by the white area. The white-orange-red area corresponds to the incredibly rapid expansion of the universe. The remainder of the drawing shows an expanding universe with an increasing rate of expansion. For present purposes, the bright spots may be interpreted as galaxies or stars.
.As a student, you will test your critical thinking skills while learning about a new vision of reality. The short course includes, but is not limited to, the topics tabulated below.:
After satisfying basic physiological and safety needs, Man intensifies His search for higher level needs including caring relationships, self-identity and meaning. As part of the searching process, Man continues asking BIG questions. The purpose of this course is to address a selection of these BIG questions and this selection is revealed by the course title “God, Universe, Reality, and Man.”. Each title subtopic has been and is most adequately treated by the great disciplines.
This course is also designed to challenge student critical thinking skills. Specifically, the student may be asked to accept definitions that might possibly conflict with their personal belief system and then make judgements regarding a given situation. For example, the student may be asked to accept the assumptions that 1) the universe was created by a process of a big bang, 2) the universe is creatively producing increasingly complex organizations of matter, and 3) Man is a result of that creative process. Then, the student is asked to construct logical arguments justifying atheistic, agnostic, and theist perspectives. .
The great disciplines are briefly discussed below. All disciplines must state the assumptions on which their paradigm and theories are based. (Assumptions are projected to become knowledge facts in the future.)
Philosophy. Philosophy is a faith based discipline that 1) assumes that the universe is comprehensible and 2) strives to produce wisdom for Man based on both actual knowledge and speculative knowledge extended from the great disciplines. Philosophers are said to be “lovers of wisdom”.
The discipline of philosophy studies how we know what’s really true and strives to confirm that our knowledge of the universe is true.
Philosophy has many branches and these branches can be address in a general philosophy course. Our focus in this course is the branch which addresses the nature of reality, i.e., metaphysics. Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that strives to produce meaning from physics. These philosophers are said to be “lovers of reality-based wisdom.”
In order for the great disciplines to prosper and benefit Man, a method for acquiring and developing reliable knowledge and understanding must exist.
“I think; therefore, I am” is perhaps the only statement of absolute truth established by Man. The inference that I exist because I think merely implies that my thinking process exists, i.e.,only my mind exists. According to this assertion by Rene Descartes, often referred to as the father of modern philosophy, I must doubt or not trust sensory information received from other objects in the universe. An evil demon (using a supercomputer) could be deceiving me by being connected to and controlling my senses. Also, 1) our sensory information is subject to incorrect interpretation by our mind, 2) our senses are known to possess limited resolution, and 3) our mind may not be capable of understanding information from our senses.
In order to build a knowledge base representing our understanding of our local environment and the universe, Man has learned to formulate and validate theories of knowledge. This learning process has culminated in development of the scientific method for reliable knowledge acquisition.
Theology Theology is a faith-based discipline that 1) assumes the existence of a final cause of reality (the universe), 2) assumes the concepts of reality developed by the great disciplines, and 3) strives to produce meaning, a mission, and a vision for the community of Man. (The discipline of theology is not to be connected with any formal religion.)
Physics Physics is a faith-based discipline that 1) assumes the universe possesses an ultimate reality and 2) strives to a) complete knowledge at the presently known level of reality and b) produce new facts/information that can be associated with the next level of reality.
Our deepest level of reality is described by quantum field theory. Everything existing in the universe consists of fields (waves) at the deepest level of reality. When observations are made, the waves collapse into particles. We can not predict the precise location of the observed particle.
Although the great and BIG mysteries of the universe remain to be understood, science has already made considerable contributions to our deepening knowledge and understanding of reality. By the process of reductionism in which complex organizations of matter are understood in terms of simpler organizations of matter, science has identified the fundamental particles from which reality is composed. These fundamental particles are identified by the standard model of physics. The downside of reductionism is that important information is lost in going from the complex to the less complex and this information .is consequently not available for understanding the process of induction in which complex organizations develop from simpler organization.
The achievements and contributions to our understanding of the world about us by the great disciplines has been greatest at the various levels of organized matter and weakest in our understanding of the transition from a given organizational level to the next. In particular, the disciplines are generally unable to state “why” the transitions occur. Why the universe is self-organizing to increasing levels of complexity remains a mystery.
Based on the great disciplines, reality appears to be organizing from simplicity to increasingly complex organizations of matter. The most complex known organization of matter is Man, including each Man’s brain. Each of Man’s individual thoughts correspond to individual neuronal network configuration states residing in Man’s brain. Thus, each conscious or unconscious unique thought corresponds to a unique organization matter. Less complex organizations are skunks, rocks, stars, autos, steel, snakes, trees, water, elements of the periodic table.
Every object (organization of matter) in the universe experiences its unique existential sequence: birth, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence, and death.
Chemistry Chemistry is a faith -based discipline that 1) derives from physics
Psychology Psychology is a faith discipline that 1) assumes a personal true-self exists and 2) strives to produce meaning, understanding, and knowledge for Man such that and individuals though processes and behavior are compatible with reality.
Sociology. Sociology is a faith-based discipline that 1) derives from psychology.
Note 1. We live in actuality where we acquire information using our senses. We learn about reality by using various tools that enhance the resolution of our senses. In the modern era, we have faith in the existence of increasingly deeper levels of reality. Einstein showed that matter really exists as atoms as the first level of reality. Later, the proton and neutron and other particles were shown to exist at the second level of reality and matter was viewed as an organization of protons, neutrons, and protons. Still later protons and neutrons were shown to be composed of quarks.The third level of reality contains the quarks. The present day deepest level of reality is the quantum field theory.
You and the rest of Mankind reside on planet earth, which is part of our solar system which, in turn, is part of our Milky Way Galaxy. Our galaxy is represented by the indicated small bright spot.
The shortcomings of the drawing ( understandable and forgiven) are: 1) The universe is actually a three dimensional volume of space-time and can not be correctly presented on a flat surface such as this page. 2) The universe does not possess a boundary as suggested by most of the drawing. The upper right portion of the drawing correctly shows the absence of a boundary. 3) The universe actually contains many billions of galaxies - much more than the relatively few represented by the bright spots. 4) The shapes of bright spots were somewhat randomly drawn and don’t correspond to a specific galaxy or location.
The self-organizing universe shown below is somewhat more informative
Note: This course modernizes the interaction between two of Western civilization’s driving forces – science and religion. Historically, this interaction has actually been between science and various multiple religions. Because of the great diversity of the multiple religions, the interaction has been usually characterized as negative, conflicting, remaining at a low communication level. However, raising the discourse from multiple religions to the singular discipline of theology promotes the comparison with the discipline of science.
Several significant aspects of this course are presented below:
For more than 400 years, the Newtonian Paradigm of Science reigned supreme. Many scientists and intellectuals believed that Man’s understanding of the universe was complete. Even Newton believed that the universe operated strictly according to God’s plan and thus was deterministic. Consequently, if Man knew the complete state of the universe at any point in time as God did, then Man could theoretically compute the state of the universe at any other past or future point in time. Under this paradigm, many physical theories were formulated and proved incredibly beneficial to Man. The enlightenment emerged and sparked Man’s imagination and creativity in the arts and all fields of endeavor with an amazing intensity. God was revered because of His love of humanity.. Yet, war was justified and human misery prevailed.
As reaction against the enlightenment, a romantic tradition emerged. . But most philosophers remained traditional. experienced the gift of freedom and bondage of anxiety in different ways. Perhaps, an early Man layed down in a grassy bed near his cave home. His vision both surveyed and marveled at the light studded night sky. The anxiety of another chaotic day had faded. Some thoughts had bunched together in a moment of reverent inspiration. With a newly formed courage and wanting to know , he directed a simple question to the unknown. The entire universe was silent as if the question had not been heard. Feeling alone, he reached for his mate’s hand only to discover her hand was already extended awaiting his. At the moment when his hand touched her, the universe spoke. It was a loud silence - - like one hand clapping. He did not understand, but he and his helpmate began asking questions of the familiar, the unknown and the unknowable. And, so did some of their children, and some of their children. Throughout the millenia, many children became adults and concluded that a Great Teacher does not directly provide knowledge, but helps the men and women of Man to creatively think about possibilities, self-learn knowledge, and till the Garden. Other children became adults and concluded
In the year 1977, a Man of science , Illya Prigogine, was awarded the Nobel Prize In Chemistry for his contributions to our understanding of the 2nd law of thermodynamics. His experiments demonstrated that, for open systems, certain forms of matter can self-organize from a given organizational level to a higher organizational level when energy was added and certain boundary conditions applied. When the added energy is lost, the higher organizational level collapses to the previous level.
. The theory of biological evolution of life, including biological evolution of Man, is familiar and well-accepted by most people. However, a new theory, known as the theory of matter evolution, is emergent. This new emergent theory overarches, is much more comphrehensive, and attempts to explain the existence of all objects in the universe. The theory of matter evolutions is emergent under the self-oraganizing universe paradigm
In this brief course, we shall address the present self-organizing universe paradigm of science in which the universe started with a big bang and has been producing increasingly complex organizations of matter. Each organization of matter has an associated functional capability. The most complex organization of matter produced by the universe to date is the human brain with the human mind as the associated functional capablity. . universe paradigm focus on the brain as an organization of matter into multiple intelligences.. and the associated evidence for multiple intelligences. You accept the evidence that our emotional intelligence is our default intelligence, but we can exercise our cognitive intelligence by conscious intention. , your cognitive mind wanders far and wide as a seeker of truth. You are a seeker of truth regarding everything your mind contemplates.
For the vast majority of people, study of the self-organizing universe is anticipated to be an exceedingly difficult undertaking because of the involvement of both complicated concepts and complex mathematics. Consequently, a simplified approach using clasical physics instead of quantum physics and general relativity shall be presented in this introductory explanation of the self-organizing universe. Also, this introduction shall be non-mathematical.
The paradigm of a self-organizing universe entangles multiple disciplines of knowledge, but the disciplines of theology , philosophy, and and physics are initially the most relavant. Scientists generally believe that all fundamental particles existing in the universe have been discovered and are identified in the standard model of physics. Fundamental particles are perceived as the ultimate particles of the universe. They are point-masses, have no known size, and have no constituent sub-particles. The most well-known fundamental particles are the quarks and electron. Composite particles have constituent sub-particles and the most well-known are the neutorn and proton. Composite particles are not fundamental particles and are not included in the standard model of physics. Composite particles are organizations of subparticles
The standard model uses a classification scheme in which fundamental particles are classified as quarks, leptons, and bosons. The fundamental particles, leptons and quarks, are the smallest units of matter and also known as fermions; bosons are the smallest particles of force connecting and stablizing the smallest units of matter. For example , a proton is a first level organization of matter and consists of two up quarks and one down quark held together and stablelized by a boson called the gluon. A neutron is also a first level organization of matter and consist of two down quarks and one up quark held together by a gluos.
An atom is a second level organization of matter and consists of first level of organizations of matter held together and stabile by the Coulumb force. Of course, the first level organizations are protons and neutrons. The boson holding the and electrons. The electrons are fundamental particles of mass. The protons and neutrons of composite particles of mass
From a science perspective, we human beings exist as part of the fabric of the universe, i.e., we are not simply beings in the universe but are actually part of the reality produced by the self-organizing universe. Thus, an intellectual understanding of reality must address both reality external to Man plus reality internal to Man. Of course, the number of objects existing simultaneously in the universe is almost infinitely large. These objects include multiple numbers of other people, protons, neutrons, electrons, molecules, reptitles, skunks, apes, rocks, rivers, oceans, stars, and galaxies. Every material object in existence can be reduce to a fundamental particle known as a quark and by necessity be part of reality. Objects produced by Man, including mobile phones and the International Space Station, are part of reality.
What is reality? Reality is an operational environment consisting of an attractor that pulls a lower organized state of matter to a higher organized state of matter
First, however, we must understand reality as it existed moments after the big bang, when reality was characterized as being in a state of simplicity. The particles of matter existing in the state of simplicity have been well-established and are presently defined by the standard model of physics. These particles are fundamental particles because they are point-like in size and can not be further reduced in size. Based on these fundamental particles of matter, the self-organizing universe has produced increasingly complex organizations of matter with the human being as the most complex organization of matter presently known. Thus, from Man’s present perspective, production of increasingly complex organizations of matter appears to be the purpose of the universe.
TheRFor purposes of this brief course, a very simplified model of the self-organizing universe will be used. The simplified model will also avoid use of mathematical descriptions.
The present paradigm under which scientists study and develop theories about the universe is labeled the self-organizing universe.Sometimes, an alternative terminology, the evolutionary universe, is used instead of the self-organizing universe. The universe has been self-organizing since its birth as the big bang about 13.75 billion years ago.
The self-organizing paradigm is based quantum field theory for microscopic description and general relativity theory for macroscopic description.
The purpose of the universe appears to be the production of increasingly complex organizations of matter with each organization of matter having an associated complex functional capability as a function of time since the big bang.
Matter is composed of a zoo of fundamental particles. .All known particles are identified by the standard model of physics. In our simplified model, however, only quarks and electrons exists. Neutons and protons are not fundamental particles, but are organizations of quarks as the fundamental particles. (Strictly speaking, quantum field theory claims that the fundamental particles first exist as waves before collapsing into particles during the detection or observation process.) The first matter produced by the universe after the big bang was the up and down quarks.
After a very short period of time, the up and down quarks self-organized two different ways called neutrons and protons, as shown by the diagram below. Neutrons and protons are not solid objects, but both are mainly empty space containing are organizations of quarks. At this very early point in time, matter in the universe consists of two independent types of organizations of matter called neutrons and protons. Ultimate reality consists only of organizations of quarks
After another very short period of time, neutrons and protons along with electrons self-organized into atoms as shown by the diagram. The first organizational level of matter consists of neutrons and protons which, in turn, consists of quarks as the ultimate reality. The second organizational level of matter consists of various types of atoms which consists of first level organization of matter. Quarks are the ultimate reality. The second organizational level of matter is more complex than the first organizational level
The universe appears to be self-organizing from the simplicity existing at the moment of the big bang to increasingly complex organizations of matter as a function of time . Each new organization evolves from a previous organization. Each organizational level requires a unique amount of energy to maintain its existence and stability for its own unique lifetime.
The self-organizing universe has produced stars, planets, molecules, water, earth, plants, rocks, lizards, porqupines, skunks, and intelligent beings (Man). The most complex known organization of matter produced by the universe to date is Man’s brain. There is no known reason why the universe should stop self-organizing. The next level of organization produced by the universe is speculative.
All organizations of matter (objects) have quarks has their ultimate reality. All objects produced by the universe, including Man, are part of the fabric of universe. Thus, Man is part of the fabric of the universe and, from a physics perspective, is not placed in the universe. Furthermore, every object produced by Man, including mobile phones and the International Space Station, are part of the fabric of our self-organizing universe.
With the birth of Man, the universe became conscious.
The self-organization of the universe has produced modern Man.
Modern Man’s brain, shown in the two diagrams below, is a product of the self-organizing universe. With its 86 billion neurons and hundreds of trillions of intricate connections, it is probably the most complex organization matter produced by the self-organizing universe. Just as the univererse began organizing matter from the big bang, Man’s brain started self-organizing matter in the form brain stem. As the self-organization process continued production of matter of increasing complexity, new organizational structures of matter were added to the brain with an associated new and increasingly complex functional capability.
Again, we pause and humbly ponder the greatest question asked by Man: Why is the universe producing increasingly complex organizations of matter with increasing complex functional capability? Yes, Man’s science is discovering day-by-day what the universe is apparently doing. Man can describe the self-organizational processes very well. Yet; Man does not possess the simplest clue for the why answer. Science ponders “descriptio”n; theology ponders “wh”y.
Except for the past few centuries, Man’s vision saw actuality and called it reality. Using only our physical eyes and senses, actuality and reality have been one in the same. We experienced our lives in actuality; we believed with John Locke that all knowledge of the world was first in our physical senses before residence in memory and that our knowledge was incomplete because of poor resolution of our physical senses; we believed that our subjective mental representations were objective representations our external world; and we believed in God The Creator and determinism instead of free will.
But today, Man has a new vision that distinquishes actuality and reality. We still experience our lives in actuality; however, we believe with Emmanuel Kant that some knowledge is first in our mind and then becomes experience with residence in memory. Our minds can roam farther than before and deal with reality more efffectively; we believe that our subjective mental representtions are only perceptions of our external reality; and we are seeking new evidence regarding the existence of God The Creator and for a free will vrs determinism.
The brainstem and the cerebellum were the first brain structures formed during the self-organization of Man’s brain toward increasing complexity of both matter and functional capability. The new functional capabilities are more popularly known as intelligence functions. .. These twin brain structures, also known as the reptilian brain, together control modern Man’s vital functions such as heart rate, breathing, body temperature and balance, and primitive response functions. In modern Man, these two structures perform their primitive intelligence functions reliably, ridgidly, and compulsively. Of course, the lizard brain was the only brain lizards possessed and reliability, ridgidity, and compulsivity were critical to lizard lifestyle maintenance.
The limbic brain emerged in the first mammals. It can record memories of behaviours that produced agreeable and disagreeable experiences, so it is responsible for what are called emotions in human beings. The main structures of the limbic brain are the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the hypothalamus. The limbic brain is the seat of the value judgments that we make, often unconsciously, that exert such a strong influence on our behaviour.
The neocortex first assumed importance in primates and culminated in the human brain with its two large cerebral hemispheres that play such a dominant role. These hemispheres have been responsible for the development of human language, abstract thought, imagination, and consciousness. The neocortex is flexible and has almost infinite learning abilities. The neocortex is also what has enabled human cultures to develop
The reptilian brain first appeared in fish, nearly 500 million years ago. It continued to develop in amphibians and reached its most advanced stage in reptiles, roughly 250 million years ago.
The limbic system first appeared in small mammals, about 150 million years ago.
Lastly, the neo-cortex began its spectacular expansion in primates, scarcely 2 or 3 million years ago, as the genus Homo emerged.
An image can be enlarged by hovering your mouse over it.
Many physicists believe the big bang may have been be the result of a quantum fluctulation in some sort of space not yet understandable. We shall refer to that space as metaphysical space.
Our knowledge of the universe begins moments after the inflation and extends until today. Scientific knowledge covers the time period labeled “Big Bang Expansion.” mouse over it. Our scientific knowledge corresponds to the interval labeled “Big Bang
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